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HCV Infection & Treatment Among People in Prison

Int J Drug Policy; 2018 Apr 28; Kronfli, et al

Interventions to improve hepatitis C virus care among people in prisons is lacking, according to a recent review. The systematic review examined evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to increase HCV testing, linkage to care, and treatment uptake among persons in prisons. Researchers found:

  • 475 articles were identified, 29 were eligible for full text review, and 6 studies were included.
  • Interventions to enhance HCV testing in prison settings included combination risk-based and birth-cohort screening strategies, on-site nurse-led opt-in screening clinics with pre-test counseling and educations, and systematic dried blood spot testing.
  • All interventions increased HCV testing, but risk of study bias was high in all studies.
  • Interventions to enhance linkage to care included facilitated referral for HCV assessment and scheduling of specialist appointments.

Citation:

Kronfli N, Linthwaite B, Kouyoumdjian F, et al. Interventions to increase testing, linkage to care and treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among people in prisons: A systematic review. Int J Drug Policy. 2018;57:95-103. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.04.003.

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