Adults living with hepatitis C virus (HCV) smoked cigarettes at nearly triple the rate of adults who did not have HCV (hepatitis C-), a recent study found. Data were extracted from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999-2014. Persons living with hepatitis (hepatitis C+) were compared to hepatitis C- adults. Complete smoking and HCV data were available for 39,472 (90.1%) of 43,793 adult participants in NHANES during the study years. Researchers found:
- Hepatitis C+ adults smoked at almost triple the rate of hepatitis C- adults (62.4% vs 22.9%), with no significant difference between hepatitis C+ men and women.
- Hepatitis C+ smokers were more likely to smoke daily than hepatitis C- smokers but had similar levels of nicotine dependence.
- Hepatitis C+ smokers were more likely to be older, male, black, less educated, poor, uninsured, use drugs, and be depressed.
- There were significant associations of both hepatitis C infection and cigarette smoking with current depression and hypertension.
Kim RS, Weinberger AH, Chander G, Sulkowski MS, Norton B, Shuter J. Cigarette smoking in persons living with hepatitis C: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2014. [Published online ahead of print February 3, 2018]. Am J Med. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2018.01.011.
This Week's Must Reads
HRRP & Patient Mortality in HF, AMI & Pneumonia, JAMA; 2018 Dec 25; Wadhera, et al
Hypertensive Diseases of Pregnancy & Risk of HF, Mayo Clin Proc; ePub 2018 Dec 19; Nizamuddin, et al
Clopidogrel + Aspirin Can Reduce Recurrent Stroke, BMJ; ePub 2018 Dec 18; Hao, Tampi, et al
Second-Line ADMs & CV Events in T2D, JAMA Netw Open; ePub 2018 Dec 21; O’Brien, et al
Health Care Utilization of a Dementia Care Program, JAMA Intern Med; ePub 2018 Dec 21; Jennings, et al
Must Reads in Hepatitis
Glecaprevir/Pibrentasvir Efficacy & Safety Assessed, J Hepatol; ePub 2018 Nov 23; D’Ambrosio, et al
HCV Infection Among Children & Young Persons, J Hepatol; ePub 2018 Nov 26; Modin, et al
HCV Patients with Limited Access to Antiviral Therapy, Dig Liver Dis; ePub 2018 Nov 29; Lens, et al
Progression in the Elimination of HCV Infection, PLoS One; ePub 2018 Dec 4; Juanbeltz, et al
Increased HCV Screening in Veteran Populations, Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf; ePub 2018 Sep 25; Wray, et al