Original Research

Interprofessional Academic Patient Aligned Care Team Panel Management Model

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Planning and Implementation

In addition to completing a literature review to determine the state of PM practice and models, CoEPCE faculty polled recent graduates inquiring about strategies they did not learn prior to graduation. Based on their responses, CoEPCE faculty identified 2 skill deficits: management of chronic diseases and proficiency with data and statistics about performance improvement in panel patient care over time. Addressing these unmet needs became the impetus for developing curriculum for conducting PM. Planning and launching the CoEPCE approach to PM took about 3 months and involved CoEPCE faculty, a data manager, and administrative support. The learning objectives of Seattle’s PM initiative are to:

  • Promote preventive health and chronic disease care by use performance data;
  • Develop individual- and populationfocused action plans;
  • Work collaboratively, strategically, and effectively with an interprofessional care team; and
  • Learn how to effectively use system resources.

Curriculum

The PM curriculum is a longitudinal, experiential approach to learning how to manage chronic diseases between visits by using patient data. It is designed for trainees in a continuity clinic to review the care of their patients on a regular basis. Seattle CoEPCE medicine residents are assigned patient panels, which increase from 70 patients in the first year to about 140 patients by the end of the third year. DNP postgraduate trainees are assigned an initial panel of 50 patients that increases incrementally over the year-long residency.

CoEPCE faculty determined the focus of PM sessions to be diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, obesity, chronic opioid therapy, and low-acuity ED use. Because PM sessions are designed to allow participants to identify systems issues that may affect multiple patients, some of these topics have expanded into QI projects. PM sessions run 2 to 3 hours per session and are held 4 to 6 times a year. Each session is repeated twice to accommodate diverse trainee schedules. PM participants must have their patient visit time blocked for each session (Appendix).

Faculty Roles and Development

PM faculty involved in any individual session may include a combination of a CoEPCE clinical pharmacy specialist, a registered nurse (RN) care manager, a social worker, a NP, a physician, a clinical psychologist, and a medicine outpatient chief resident (PGY4, termed clinician-teacher fellow at Seattle VA medical center). The chief resident is a medicine residency graduate and takes on teaching responsibilities depending on the topic of the session. The CoEPCE clinical pharmacist role varies depending on the session topic: They may facilitate the session or provide recommendations for medication management for individual cases. The RN care manager often knows the patients and brings a unique perspective that complements that of the primary care providers and ideally participates in every session. The patients of multiple RN care managers may be presented at each session, and it was not feasible to include all RN care managers in every session. After case discussions, trainees often communicated with the RN care managers about the case, using instant messaging, and CoEPCE provides other avenues for patient care discussion through huddles involving the provider, RN care manager, clinical pharmacist, and other clinical professions.

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