Original Research

Blistering Disease During the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C With Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir

Hepatitis C virus-associated porphyria cutanea tarda can result from viral-induced inhibition of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase and the subsequent accumulation of uroporphyrins and associated metabolites in urine.

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Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is the most common type of porphyria. The accumulation of porphyrin in various organ systems results from a deficiency of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD). 1-3 Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes a hepatic decrease in hepcidin production, resulting in increased iron absorption. Iron loading and increased oxidative stress in the liver leads to nonporphyrin inhibition of UROD production and to oxidation of porphyrinogens to porphyrins. 4 This in turn leads to accumulation of uroporphyrins and carboxylated metabolites that can be detected in urine. 4

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