Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

Sleep Insufficiency’s Role in Childhood Obesity

Sleep Medicine; ePub 2018 Apr 5; Arora, et al

Sleep insufficiency, as well as other lifestyle factors, likely plays a key role in childhood obesity, a recent study suggests. Researchers used baseline data from 335 schoolchildren aged 7 to 12 years to determine 5 indicators of obesity. Participants wore wrist actigraphy (n=264) for 7 consecutive days/nights to objectively estimate 6 sleep features. Among the findings:

  • Average weekly sleep duration was 7.6±0.7 hours and 42.1% of the participants were overweight/obese.
  • After adjustment, those achieving <8 hours of sleep had an increased body mass index (BMI) z-score, waist circumference, body fat percentage, and fat mass vs those sleeping >8 hours.
  • Sleeping <8 hours was associated with an increased risk of obesity (OR, 3.75).

Citation:

Arora T, Gad H, Omar OM, et al. The associations among objectively estimated sleep and obesity indicators in elementary schoolchildren. [Published online ahead of print April 5, 2018]. Sleep Medicine. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2018.03.014.

This Week's Must Reads

Is Obesity Associated With Adverse CV Outcomes?, JAMA Netw Open; 2018 Nov 16; Riaz, et al

BMI & Risk of Postpregnancy T2D in Women with HDP , Diabetes Care; ePub 2018 Nov 19; Timpka, et al

Diabetes Outcomes in Patients by PCPs, NPs, or PAs, Ann Intern Med; ePub 2018 Nov 20; Jackson, et al

Traumatic Exposures & Health Issues in Older Women, JAMA Intern Med; ePub 2018 Nov 19; Gibson, et al

Risk of Opioid Overdose Hospitalizations , J Am Board Fam Med; 2018 Nov-Dec; Peters, et al

Must Reads in Obesity

Is Obesity Associated With Adverse CV Outcomes?, JAMA Netw Open; 2018 Nov 16; Riaz, et al

Early Antibiotic Use & Weight Outcomes in Children, Pediatrics; ePub 2018 Oct 31; Block, Bailey, et al

Efficacy of Bariatric Procedures for Weight Loss, Ann Intern Med; ePub 2018 Oct 30; Arterburn, et al

Bariatric Surgery & Macrovascular Disease in T2D, JAMA; 2018 Oct 16; Fisher, Johnson, et al

Adverse Childhood Experiences & Weight Status, J Pediatr; ePub 2018 Oct 1; Davis, Barnes, et al