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Improved WIC food packages reverse obesity in toddler participants

Key clinical point: Differences in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program administration by state led to variances in obesity rates.

Major finding: A 2009 WIC package change resulted in a change in childhood obesity prevalence among children aged 2-4 years from a 0.23% annual increase to a 0.34% annual decrease.

Study details: An interrupted time series analysis of WIC participants aged 2-4 years over a 14-year period in 49 states involved up to 3 million children.

Disclosures: This study was funded by the National Institutes of Health. Ms. Daepp was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship grant. Three coauthors were supported by the JPB Foundation; a fourth was supported by an NIH grant.

Citation:

Daepp MIG et al. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr 1. doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-2841.