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Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Purchases in Restaurants

Obesity; ePub 2019 Jan 4; Moran, Subramanian, et al

US households purchase a considerable amount of sugar‐sweetened beverages (SSBs) from the nation's largest chain restaurants, particularly when combination meals or kids’ menu items are ordered, and there are disparities by age, race/ethnicity, and household food security, according to a recent study. Data were obtained from the US Department of Agriculture National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey, 2012 to 2013. Survey‐weighted multiple regressions assessed correlates of purchasing a SSB, purchasing a low‐calorie beverage, and per capita beverage calories and grams of sugar among purchases from US restaurants (n=14,669). Researchers found:

  • Dining at a top fast‐food chain (OR=1.9 vs small chain or independent restaurants) and ordering a combination meal (2.8) or from the kids’ menu (2.1) were positively associated with purchasing an SSB.
  • Age (young adult and adolescent vs older adult; 0.7 and 0.4, respectively), race (black vs white; 0.4), ethnicity (Hispanic vs non‐Hispanic; 0.8), and household food security (very low vs high; 0.7) were associated with purchasing a low‐calorie beverage.
  • Caloric beverage purchases contained the most calories and grams of sugar per capita when purchased by Hispanic and non‐Hispanic black adolescents.

Moran AJ, Subramanian SV, Rimm EB, Bleich SN. Characteristics associated with household purchases of sugar‐sweetened beverages in US restaurants. [Published online ahead of print January 4, 2019]. Obesity. doi:10.1002/oby.22380.