Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Purchases in Restaurants

Obesity; ePub 2019 Jan 4; Moran, Subramanian, et al

US households purchase a considerable amount of sugar‐sweetened beverages (SSBs) from the nation's largest chain restaurants, particularly when combination meals or kids’ menu items are ordered, and there are disparities by age, race/ethnicity, and household food security, according to a recent study. Data were obtained from the US Department of Agriculture National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey, 2012 to 2013. Survey‐weighted multiple regressions assessed correlates of purchasing a SSB, purchasing a low‐calorie beverage, and per capita beverage calories and grams of sugar among purchases from US restaurants (n=14,669). Researchers found:

  • Dining at a top fast‐food chain (OR=1.9 vs small chain or independent restaurants) and ordering a combination meal (2.8) or from the kids’ menu (2.1) were positively associated with purchasing an SSB.
  • Age (young adult and adolescent vs older adult; 0.7 and 0.4, respectively), race (black vs white; 0.4), ethnicity (Hispanic vs non‐Hispanic; 0.8), and household food security (very low vs high; 0.7) were associated with purchasing a low‐calorie beverage.
  • Caloric beverage purchases contained the most calories and grams of sugar per capita when purchased by Hispanic and non‐Hispanic black adolescents.
Citation:

Moran AJ, Subramanian SV, Rimm EB, Bleich SN. Characteristics associated with household purchases of sugar‐sweetened beverages in US restaurants. [Published online ahead of print January 4, 2019]. Obesity. doi:10.1002/oby.22380.

This Week's Must Reads

Diabetic kidney disease, retinopathy associated with PAD in patients with foot ulcers, Megallaa MH et al. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2019 Mar-Apr;13(2):1287-92.

Eye Exam Visits Low Among People with Diabetes, Diabetes Care; ePub 2019 Jan 24; Benoit, et al

Glycemic Variability and Risk of CV Events Assessed, Diabetes Care; ePub 2019 Jan 18; Echouffo-Tcheugui, et al

Insomnia Associated with Increased Risk of T2D, BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care; 2018 Dec; LeBlanc, et al

Class III/IV Obesity and Oocyte Retrieval Examined, Fertil Steril; 2019 Feb; Romanski, Farland, et al

Must Reads in Obesity

Class III/IV Obesity and Oocyte Retrieval Examined, Fertil Steril; 2019 Feb; Romanski, Farland, et al

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Purchases in Restaurants, Obesity; ePub 2019 Jan 4; Moran, Subramanian, et al

Sleep Duration and Postpartum Weight Change, Obesity; ePub 2018 Dec 30; Herring, Yu, et al

Central Obesity Increases Gestational Diabetes Risk, Obesity; ePub 2018 Nov 21; Zhu, et al

BMI a Risk Factor for T2D Regardless of HDP History, Diabetes Care; ePub 2018 Nov 19; Timpka, et al