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QOL Assessed in Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes Educ; ePub 2018 Oct 20; Kent, Quinn

Young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) reported high dissatisfaction with the burden that diabetes places on their families and the amount of time it takes to manage their diabetes. This according to a study that examined factors known to be associated with quality of life (QOL): fear of complications (including hypoglycemia), self-efficacy for diabetes self-management, and self-management of diabetes in young adults (aged 18-35 years) with T1D. Participants (n=180) completed online a Demographic/General Health Survey, Diabetes Quality of Life Measure, Hypoglycemia Fear Scale, Fear of Complications Questionnaire, Diabetes Behavior Rating Scale, Self-Efficacy for Diabetes Self-Management, and Diabetes Knowledge Test. Researchers found:

  • Multiple linear regression showed that QOL was significantly associated with fear of hypoglycemia, fear of complications, and self-efficacy.
  • QOL was not associated with either diabetes self-management behaviors or diabetes knowledge.
  • These observations suggest that, as fear of hypoglycemia and fear of complications increase, QOL decreases, and as self-efficacy increases, so does QOL.
  • Thus, fear of hypoglycemia, fear of complications, and self-efficacy may be appropriate primary outcomes to use in interventions designed to improve QOL in young adults with T1D.
Citation:

Kent DA, Quinn L. Factors that affect quality of life in young adults with type 1 diabetes. [Published online ahead of print October 20, 2018]. Diabetes Educ. doi:10.1177%2F0145721718808733.

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