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Anthropometric Measures as Diabetes Risk Factors

Diabetes Care; ePub 2018 Oct 23; Luo, Hendryx, et al

In postmenopausal women across all racial/ethnic groups, waist circumference (WC) was a better predictor of diabetes risk especially for Asian women, according to a recent study. A total of 136,112 postmenopausal women aged 50–79 years participating in the Women’s Health Initiative without baseline cancer or diabetes were followed for 14.6 years. Body mass index (BMI), WC, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were measured in all participants, and a subset of 9,695 had assessment of whole-body fat mass, whole-body percent fat, trunk fat mass, and leg fat mass by DXA. Incident diabetes was assessed via self-report. Researchers found:

  • During follow-up, 18,706 cases of incident diabetes were identified. BMI, WC, and WHR were all positively associated with diabetes risk in each racial and ethnic group.
  • WC had the strongest association with risk of diabetes across all racial and ethnic groups.
  • Compared with non-Hispanic whites, associations with WC were weaker in black women and stronger in Asian women.
  • Among women with DXA determinations, black women had a weaker association with whole-body fat but a stronger association with trunk-to-leg fat ratio, compared with white women.

Citation:

Luo J, Hendryx M, Laddu D, et al. Racial and ethnic differences in anthropometric measures as risk factors for diabetes. [Published online ahead of print October 23, 2018]. Diabetes Care. doi:10.2337/dc18-1413.

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