Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and apoliporprotein (Apo) B are inversely associated with infectious events in dialysis patients; however, lipoproteins are not associated with cardiovascular outcomes, a recent study found. Researchers examined associations between serum apolipoprotein (Apo) A1, B, C2, C3, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels and infectious mortality or hospitalization, CV mortality or hospitalization, and all-cause mortality in 433 prevalent patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). They found:
- Median follow-up for all-cause mortality was 2.7 years.
- 179 (41%) patients had an infection-related event.
- Higher Apo A1, Apo B, and Apo C3 are associated with lower all-cause mortality.
- Lipoproteins are not associated with CV outcomes.
Kaysen GA, Grimes B, Dalrymple LS, et al. Associations of lipoproteins with cardiovascular and infection-related outcomes in patients receiving hemodialysis. [Published online ahead of print December 26, 2017]. J Clin Lipidol. doi:10.1016/j.jacl.2017.12.007.
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