Clinicians may measure body surface area (BSA) affected by psoriasis in order to target diabetes prevention efforts for patients with psoriasis, a recent study found. Researchers conducted a prospective, population-based, cohort study of 8,124 adults with psoriasis and 76,599 adults without psoriasis for approximately 4 years. They found:
- 280 (3.44%) incident cases of diabetes in the psoriasis group and 1,867 (2.44%) incident cases of diabetes in those without psoriasis.
- After adjusting for age, sex, and body mass index, the hazard ratios for developing incident diabetes were 1.21 (1.01-1.44), 1.01 (0.81-1.26), and 1.64 (1.23-2.18) in the ≤2BSA, 3-10%BSA, and >10%BSA groups compared to those without psoriasis, respectively.
- Worldwide, an estimation included an additional 125,650 new diagnoses of type 2 diabetes mellitus per year in patients with psoriasis, as compared to those without.
Wan MT, Shin DB, Hubbard RA, Noe MH, Mehta NN, Gelfand JM. Psoriasis and the risk of diabetes: A prospective population-based cohort study. [Published online ahead of print November 8, 2017]. J Am Acad Dermatol. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2017.10.050.