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Skin Disease Prevalent Among Hospitalized Patients

J Am Acad Dermatol; ePub 2018 Dec 13; Arnold, et al

Skin disease is highly prevalent among hospitalized patients, according to a recent study that sought to assess the national burden of inpatient dermatology in adults. Using the 2014 National Inpatient Sample, researchers performed a retrospective cohort study of adults hospitalized for dermatologic conditions. They found:

  • In 2014, there were 644,320 weighted hospitalizations principally for skin disease in adults, which cost the health care system $5.04 billion.
  • Overall, skin disease was diagnosed in 1 in 8 hospitalized adults.
  • Dermatologic hospitalizations were associated with a lack of medical insurance, residence in a low-income community, and small or rural hospitals.
  • Racial minorities were less likely to be hospitalized for skin disease than were whites (for blacks: OR, 0.77; for Hispanics: OR, 0.85; for Asians: OR, 0.59).
  • Only 0.47% of patients admitted for skin disease experienced in-hospital mortality; however, mortality rates were high in hospitalizations for cutaneous lymphomas (9.19%) and malignant melanoma (6.54%).

Citation:

Arnold JD, Yooun S, Kirkorian AY. The national burden of inpatient dermatology in adults. [Published online ahead of print December 13, 2018]. J Am Acad Dermatol. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2018.06.070.