An innovative application of a decision tree analytic approach demonstrates the interactive, and sometimes counterintuitive, effects of multiple sun-protective behaviors on likelihood of sunburn, according to a recent analysis. Given the scope of those affected and enormous associated health care costs, improving efforts in skin cancer prevention has the potential for a significant effect on public health. This cross-sectional study used a nationally representative sample of 31,162 US adults from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Data were collected from January 1 through December 31, 2015. Researchers found:
- In the study population of 28,558 respondents with complete data, 20 patterns of sun protection were identified.
- Among 15,992 sun-sensitive individuals, those who used only sunscreen had the highest likelihood of sunburn (62.4%).
- The group with the lowest likelihood of sunburn did not report using sunscreen but engaged in the other 3 protective behaviors (24.3% likelihood of sunburn).
- Among 12,566 non-sun-sensitive individuals, those who engaged in all 4 protective behaviors had the lowest likelihood of sunburn (6.6%).
- The highest likelihood of sunburn was among those who only reported sunscreen use (26.2%).
Morris KL, Perna FM. Decision tree model vs traditional measures to identify patterns of sun-protective behaviors and sun sensitivity associated with sunburn. [Published online ahead of print June 27, 2018]. JAMA Dermatology. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2018.1646.
This Week's Must Reads
HLA Antigen Mismatch Linked with Skin Cancer Risk, JAMA Dermatology; ePub 2019 Jan 23; Gao, Twigg, et al
Poor Prognosis for Thin Ulcerated Melanomas Found, J Am Acad Dermatol; ePub 2019 Jan 14; Hawkins, et al
Association Between AD and Mental Health Disorders, Dermatitis; ePub 2018 Dec 18; Hsu, Smith, et al
Nonsterile Gloves Safe for Skin Cancer Excisions, J Cosmet Dermatol; ePub 2019 Jan 20; Michener, et al
Adult Atopic Dermatitis Profile Varies with Age, J Allergy Clin Immunol; ePub 2019 Jan 24; Zhou, et al
Must Reads in Health Policy
AAD’s Skin Cancer Screening Program Assessed, J Am Acad Dermatol; ePub 2018 Jul 26; Okhovat, et al
Decision Tree Identifies Sun-Protective Behaviors, JAMA Dermatology; ePub 2018 Jun 27; Morris, et al
Gaps in Melanoma Reporting Practices Discovered , Dermatolog Surg; ePub 2018 May 25; Svoboda, et al
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Sun Safety, JAMA Dermatol; ePub 2017 Nov 8; Geller, et al