Clinical Edge

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Intimate Partner Violence and Psychotic Experiences

Schizophr Res; ePub 2017 Sep 18; Shah, et al

Emotional and sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) appear to be associated with elevated risk for psychotic experiences in adulthood and results of a recent study expand on prior findings that link psychotic experiences and childhood trauma exposure to include intimate adult exposures. Data were collected from 1,615 participants in 4 US cities. Psychotic experiences were assessed through the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) psychosis screen along with adapted IPV measures. Researchers found:

  • Findings revealed that experiencing at least 1 form of IPV was significantly associated with each of the 4 psychotic experiences assessed for both men and women.
  • The strongest associations were found for threatening and sexual IPV; physical IPV was not significantly associated with psychotic experiences.
  • Exposure to IPV was associated with more than a tripling of the odds of reporting at least 1 psychotic experience as opposed to none.
  • Among those exposed to IPV there was between 3- to 5 times the odds of reporting specific subtypes of psychotic experiences.

Citation:

Shah R, Von Mach T, Fedina L, Link B, DeVylder J. Intimate partner violence and psychotic experiences in four U.S. cities. [Published online ahead of print September 18, 2017]. Schizophr Res. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2017.09.017.

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