Classic Childhood Exanthems

Although vaccines are available for some of these childhood illnesses, don’t be surprised if you encounter them in your practice—especially among those who have newly arrived from overseas.

Question 1 of 5

Photo courtesy of Richard P. Usatine, MD and the Color Atlas of Family Medicine. 2nd ed.

After an incubation period of 4 to 21 days, the classic symptoms of malaise, fever, and red “slapped” cheeks appear, signaling that the child is no longer infectious. Four to 14 days after the onset of symptoms, a pruritic lacy rash covers the entire body, preferentially on the extensor surfaces.1,2

Match the diagnosis to the photo by letter

Exanthem subitum, roseola infantum


Erythema infectiosum

Scarlet fever


Clinician Reviews. 2015 October;25(10):13

This quiz is not accredited for CME.

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