Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

Educational Attainment & CV Risk in Hispanic Persons

JAMA Cardiol; 2019 Jan; Rodriguez, Leonard, et al

In a highly educated Hispanic population, Hispanic and non-Hispanic white (NHW) men and women had similar atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, subclinical coronary atherosclerosis, and mortality during follow-up. This according to findings from the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study from which researchers determined CV risk and outcomes among highly-educated Hispanic vs NHW individuals in a preventive medicine clinic. Prevalence of major metabolic risk factors and cardiorespiratory fitness were compared, as were changes among those with at least 2 visits. Researchers found:

  • The study included 1,351 Hispanic and 43,736 NHW participations aged 20‒80 years (body mass index between 18.5 and 50.0).
  • Hispanic participants had a greater prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors but no difference in predicted CV risk.
  • No significant ethnic differences in subclinical atherosclerosis or mortality were observed.

Citation:

Rodriguez F, Leonard D, DeFina L, et al. Association of educational attainment and cardiovascular risk in Hispanic individuals: Findings from the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study. JAMA Cardiol. 2019;4(1):43–50. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2018.4294.

This Week's Must Reads

Acute Illness and Cannabis Use in Adults, Ann Intern Med; ePub 2019 Mar 26; Monte, et al

Pregnancy History and Risk of Miscarriage, BMJ; ePub 2019 Mar 20; Magnus, et al

Firearms Mortality Among US Schoolchildren, Am J Med; ePub 2019 Mar 25; Rubenstein, et al

Rapid Point of Care Test for Influenza, J Am Board Fam Med; 2019 Mar; Dale, et al

Sleep Disturbance and Chronic Pain Intensity, Clin J Pain; ePub 2019 Mar 25; Burgess, et al

Must Reads in Cardiology

Consumption of SSBs & Risk of Mortality, Circulation; ePub 2019 Mar 18; Malik, et al

Dietary Cholesterol or Egg Consumption & CVD, JAMA; 2019 Mar 19; Zhong, Van Horn, et al

Physical Activity & Incidence of CHD & CVD in Women, JAMA Netw Open; ePub 2019 Mar 15; LaCroix, et al

Intensive BP Control in Adults with Hypertension Who Smoke, JAMA Netw Open; ePub 2019 Mar 8; Scarpa, et al

Leisure-Time Physical Activity Across Adulthood, JAMA Netw Open; ePub 2019 Mar 8; Saint-Maurice, et al