Conference Coverage

Refractory OCD? Consider opioids, amphetamines, caffeine


 

REPORTING FROM APA 2019

When all else fails

Dr. Koran and his colleagues also ran a small trial of once-weekly opiates.

Spurred again by case histories and small studies, they randomized 23 refractory adults to once-weekly morphine 30 mg (with 15-mg dose adjustment as needed at 2 weeks), lorazepam 1 mg (with 0.5-mg adjustment at 2 weeks), or placebo. Subjects had OCD for at least 3 years, and had failed at least two antidepressant trials (some had been on atypicals). Median baseline YBOCS was 29 points. Subjects remained on their baseline medications during the study (J Clin Psychiatry. 2005 Mar;66[3]:353-9).

Seven patients responded to morphine with a drop of at least 25% in their YBOCS; five had at least a 40% drop. Patients who were not taking a selective serotonin or norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor did not respond to morphine.

There were four lorazepam responders, but only one with a reduction of 40% or more. There were no placebo responders.

Opioids are the “the last thing to think of” in OCD, but when all else fails, “you could try morphine in a properly screened individual,” as long as there is no personal or family history of substance abuse.

Dr. Koran said he had no conflicts of interest.

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