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Resilience May Buffer Future Life Stressors

Depress Anxiety; ePub 2017 Nov 24; Sheerin, et al

Findings from a recent study support the conceptualization of resilience as a buffer against the impact of future life stressors on common internalizing psychopathology. Using longitudinal data from an epidemiological twin sample (n=7,463), this study tested whether resilience would act as a buffer for stressful life events (SLEs) against risk for major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Resilience, demographics, and psychopathology were measured at Time 1; recent SLEs and current MDD and GAD were measured at Time 2. Final models, controlling for demographic covariates and Time 1 diagnosis, examined the impact of Time 1 resilience, recent SLEs, their interaction, and a 3-way interaction adding sex on MDD and GAD. Researchers found:

  • The pattern of findings was the same for MDD and GAD, wherein main effects and 2-way interactions of resilience and SLEs were significant, such that greater resilience was protective even in the context of high numbers of past-year SLEs.
  • The 3-way interaction was not significant, suggesting that the relationship between SLEs and resilience on psychopathology was the same for both men and women.

Citation:

Sheerin CM, Lind MJ, Brown EA, Gardner CO, Kendler KS, Amstadter AB. The impact of resilience and subsequent stressful life events on MDD and GAD. [Published online ahead of print November 24, 2017]. Depress Anxiety. doi:10.1002/da.22700.

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