Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients residing in a nursing home (NH) are less likely to report fatigue, pessimism, and tension when compared to those receiving home-based (HB) care, according to a recent study. Researchers conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the New York State Multiple Sclerosis Consortium to identify MS patients with a Kurtzke Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) ≥ 7.0. NH patients were compared to HB patients with respect to self-reported levels of loneliness, pessimism, tension, panic, irritation, morbid thoughts, feelings of guilt, and fatigue using independent-samples t tests and χ2 tests. They found:
- 94 of the 924 patients with EDSS ≥7.0 lived in a nursing home (10.2%).
- NH patients had higher mean EDSS compared to HB patients.
- However, NH patients were less likely than HB patients to report fatigue, feeling tense, and having feelings of pessimism.
Younus Z, Vaughn C, Sanai SA, et al. Nursing home multiple sclerosis patients report less fatigue and pessimism compared to nonambulatory home-based patients. [Published online ahead of print March 7, 2017]. Int J MS Care. doi:10.7224/1537-2073.2016-058.
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