The health beliefs of smokers may influence their disease self-management behaviors, a recent study found. Researchers examined the health beliefs that influence self-management behaviors in smokers with chronic lung disease in a prospective, cross-sectional study that surveyed patients (n=83) seen in the pulmonary outpatient clinics of the University Medical Center of New Orleans between November 2015 and February 2016. Eligible patients were those aged 40-64 years diagnosed with asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Primary measures included perceived beliefs related to the susceptibility to asthma and/or COPD becoming worse, perceived barriers to adherence, and perceived benefits to adherence. They found:
- Smokers perceived their asthma and/or COPD becoming worse, compared to nonsmokers.
- Smokers also perceived more barriers and fewer benefits to adherence vs nonsmokers.
Hayes Watson C, Nuss H, Celestin M, et al. Health beliefs associated with poor disease self-management in smokers with asthma and/or COPD: A pilot study. [Published online ahead of print October 4, 2018]. J Asthma. doi:10.1080/02770903.2018.1509990.