NEW ORLEANS – Real-world data support the use of macitentan to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with connective tissue disease, according to a speaker at the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians.
Outcomes of macitentan (Opsumit) treatment were similar in patients who had PAH associated with systemic sclerosis (PAH-SSc) and patients who had idiopathic PAH (IPAH) or heritable PAH (HPAH),, of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, said at the meeting.
“Within the limits of a real-world registry, these data add to the growing body of evidence supporting the use of macitentan for treatment in patients with CTD [connective tissue disease],” Dr. McLaughlin said.
She and her colleagues evaluated data from the prospective OPUS registry () and the retrospective OrPHeUS study ( ), both of which included patients who were newly started on macitentan.
Dr. McLaughlin presented data on 2,311 patients with IPAH/HPAH and 668 patients with PAH-SSc. She also presented data on patients with PAH-systemic lupus erythematosus and PAH-mixed CTD, but numbers in these groups were small, and outcomes were similar to those in the PAH-SSc group.
Demographic and disease characteristics at the start of macitentan were similar between the IPAH/HPAH and PAH-SSc groups. The median age was 64 years in both groups. The median time from PAH diagnosis was 7.6 months in the IPAH/HPAH group and 8.5 months in the PAH-SSc group.
The median duration of macitentan exposure was 13.4 months in the IPAH/HPAH group and 14.4 months in the PAH-SSc group. The proportion of patients receiving macitentan in combination with other therapies (double or triple combinations) increased from baseline to 6 months in both groups.
Hepatic adverse events occurred in 7.4% of IPAH/HPAH patients and 7.9% of PAH-SSc patients. The most common adverse events among the IPAH/HPAH and PAH-SSc groups in the OPUS registry alone were dyspnea (19% and 26.1%, respectively), peripheral edema (9.8% and 12.4%), fatigue (6.8% and 11.7%), anemia (6.7% and 11.7%), headache (10.2% and 11%), and dizziness (6.7% and 10.7%).
About 39% of patients in both groups discontinued macitentan. Similar proportions in each group discontinued because of adverse events (17% in the IPAH/HPAH group and 18.3% in the PAH-SSc group) and hepatic adverse events (0.2% and 0.7%, respectively).
The proportion of patients with at least one hospitalization was 36.2% in the IPAH/HPAH group and 40.1% in the PAH-SSc group.
The 12-month Kaplan-Meier survival estimate was 92.9% in the IPAH/HPAH group and 91.3% in the PAH-SSc group. The 24-month estimated survival rate was 85.6% and 82.1%, respectively.
The OPUS registry and OrPHeUS study are sponsored by Actelion. Dr. McLaughlin disclosed relationships with Actelion, Acceleron, Bayer, Caremark, CiVi Biopharma, Reata, Sonovie, and United Therapeutics.
SOURCE: McLaughlin V et al. CHEST 2019. Abstract, doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2019.08.827.