New research provides strong statistical support for the use of dynamic multidisciplinary discussion in the diagnosis of patients who may have interstitial lung diseases (ILD).
and it changed the diagnosis in 41% of the other cases.
The American Thoracic Society, European Respiratory Society, Japanese Respiratory Society, and Latin American Thoracic Association adopted joint guidelines for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in 2015, and the ATS and ERS updated guidelines for the classification and terminology for idiopathic interstitial pneumonias in 2013. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine published what some consider to be a landmark evaluation of multidisciplinary team agreement on diagnosis of interstitial lung disease following the adoption of these guidelines (). This study showed that in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, multidisciplinary team meetings “have a higher level of agreement on diagnoses, assign diagnoses with higher confidence more frequently, and provide diagnoses that have nonsignificant greater prognostic separation than do clinicians or radiologists in most cases,” the researchers wrote.
In the new study, MDD failed to produce a diagnosis or suggestions about a way forward in only 3.5% of patients, according to the study, which appeared March 30 in.
According to Dr. Antin-Ozerkis, accurate diagnosis of ILD is crucial to treatment, but it can be challenging to achieve. The MDD approach has been recommended since 2002 by the ATS and ERS, she said.
The study authors, led by Laurens J. De Sadeleer, MD, of Belgium’s University Hospitals Leuven, define the MDD approach as one “in which expert ILD clinicians, radiologists, and pathologists integrate all available clinical data, laboratory results, high-resolution computed tomography [HRCT] findings, and lung biopsy [when performed].”