Article

A Case of Mediastinal Dermoid Cyst Containing Pancreatic Tissue, Simulating Intrathoracic Goiter

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Abstract

The mere addition of another case of mediastinal dermoid cyst to those already recorded in the literature would hardly seem to be justified. Our purpose in reporting the following case is to emphasize the possibility, of the confusion of mediastinal dermoid cyst with intrathroacic goiter, and more particularly to record the occurrence, unique in this case so far as we have been able to determine, of pancreatic glandular and islet tissue in the cyst wall.

Case Report

A woman, 35 years of age, entered the Cleveland Clinic Hospital on October 22, 1929, complaining of marked dyspnea on exertion and a tumor in the suprasternal notch.

The tumor, which was first noticed two years previously as a slight, tender swelling, had persisted for two days and then disappeared. At that time the radiographic examination of the teeth gave negative findings; the tonsils were removed on account of chronic infection. Since its first appearance the swelling had recurred intermittently in the suprasternal notch and above the sternal end of the right clavicle, remaining for a few days and then subsiding.

At the time of admission the patient complained of shortness of breath, difficulty in swallowing, a slight non-productive cough and hoarseness of the voice. There had been no increased nervousness, no loss of appetite or weight and no gastrointestinal or genitourinary symptoms. The patient was well developed and was not acutely ill. The past and family history revealed nothing of importance.

Physical examination showed a tumor mass about the size of a. . .


 

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