Clinical Edge

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Outcomes in Patients with Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

Clin Cardiol; ePub 2018 Sep 4; Ram, et al

Overall admissions among patients with alcoholic cardiomyopathy (AC) have decreased over time; however, the proportion of patients with high-risk characteristics such as smoking, depression, and drug abuse increased. This according to a recent study that examined national trends in hospitalizations and outcomes in patients aged ≥18 years with AC. Researchers conducted an analysis during discharge data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 through 2014. They found:

  • There were 45,365 admissions among patients with AC.
  • The absolute number of admissions decreased from 2002 to 2014.
  • In-hospital mortality was variable throughout the study period with no clinically relevant trend.
  • The most common age groups involved were 45-49 years (46.7%), followed by 60-74 years (29.2%).
  • Trends in associated comorbidities such as smoking, drug abuse, depression, and hypertension increased over the same time period.
  • Among all admissions, nearly half were for cardiovascular etiologies.

Citation:

Ram P, Lo KB, Shah M, Patel B, Rangaswami J, Figueredo VM. National trends in hospitalizations and outcomes in patients with alcoholic cardiomyopathy. [Published online ahead of print September 4, 2018]. Clin Cardiol. doi:10.1002/clc.23067.

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