Overall admissions among patients with alcoholic cardiomyopathy (AC) have decreased over time; however, the proportion of patients with high-risk characteristics such as smoking, depression, and drug abuse increased. This according to a recent study that examined national trends in hospitalizations and outcomes in patients aged ≥18 years with AC. Researchers conducted an analysis during discharge data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 through 2014. They found:
- There were 45,365 admissions among patients with AC.
- The absolute number of admissions decreased from 2002 to 2014.
- In-hospital mortality was variable throughout the study period with no clinically relevant trend.
- The most common age groups involved were 45-49 years (46.7%), followed by 60-74 years (29.2%).
- Trends in associated comorbidities such as smoking, drug abuse, depression, and hypertension increased over the same time period.
- Among all admissions, nearly half were for cardiovascular etiologies.
Ram P, Lo KB, Shah M, Patel B, Rangaswami J, Figueredo VM. National trends in hospitalizations and outcomes in patients with alcoholic cardiomyopathy. [Published online ahead of print September 4, 2018]. Clin Cardiol. doi:10.1002/clc.23067.
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