There is a disproportionate burden of morality from heart failure (HF) and dementia in US populations aged >85 years, whites, and women, according to a new study. The retrospective study used National Vital Statistics Data from 1999‒2016 provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and ICD-10 codes for HF and dementia defined by the Medicare Chronic Conditions Data Warehouse. Among the findings:
- During the study period, deaths contributed by HF and dementia totaled 214,706 and comprised 4.00% of all HF deaths and 9.04% of all dementia deaths.
- Women were more affected than men and whites were more affected than blacks, in age-adjusted morality rates.
- However, under the age of 65 years, higher crude mortality rates were reported in men compared with women.
Vuong JT, Jacob SA, Alexander KM, et al. Mortality from heart failure and dementia in the United States: CDC WONDER 1999-2016. [Published online ahead of print November 21, 2018]. J Card Fail. doi:10.1016/j.cardfail.2018.11.012.
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Cognitive Impairment in Adults with Incident HF, J Card Fail; ePub 2018 Dec 22; Sterling, et al
Mortality in CHD-Related HF in Children, Am Heart J; ePub 2018 Dec 5; Burstein, et al
Mortality From HF and Dementia in the US, J Card Fail; ePub 2018 Nov 21; Vuong, et al