Patients living in a “food desert” (FD) have a greater risk of repeat all-cause and heart failure (HF)-specific hospitalization, a recent study found. FDs are defined as low-income areas with low-access to healthful foods. FD status was assessed in 457 HF patients (mean age 55.9 ± 12.5 years; 50% black) and researchers examined the association of living in FD with risk of repeat hospitalization. They found:
- Patients living in a FD were younger, more likely to be black, less educated, and less likely to have commercial insurance.
- Death occurred in 60 (13.1%) individuals and hospitalizations in 262 (57.3%), during a median follow-up of 827 days.
- The overall frequency of all-cause and HF-specific hospitalizations was higher in those who lived in a FD.
- After adjustment for covariates, living in a FD was associated with an increased risk of repeat all-cause (HR, 1.39) and HF-specific (HR, 1.30) hospitalizations.
Morris AA, McAllister P, Grant A, et al. Relation of living in a “food desert” to recurrent hospitalizations in patients with heart failure. [Published online ahead of print October 18, 2018]. Am J Cardiol. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.10.004.
This Week's Must Reads
Clinician Beliefs on Statins & Patient Adherence, Am J Cardiol; ePub 2019 Jan 4; Lowenstern, et al
Adherence to Statin Therapy in US Adults, J Am Heart Assoc; ePub 2019 Jan 8; Colantonio, et al
Efficacy of Statins for Primary Prevention of CVD, Am Heart J; ePub 2019 Jan 10; Yebyo, et al
Prevalence of FH in Patients with Premature MI, Clin Cardiol; ePub 2019 Jan 13; Cui, Li, et al
Lp(a) Levels & CVD Risk in Patients with Diabetes, Atherosclerosis; ePub 2018 Dec 29; Saeed, et al
Must Reads in Heart Failure
Adverse HF Outcomes in Persons Living with HIV, Am Heart J; ePub 2019 Jan 11; Alvi, Afshar, et al
Anticoagulation in Patients with AF and HF, Clin Cardiol; ePub 2018 Dec 23; Contreras, et al
Cognitive Impairment in Adults with Incident HF, J Card Fail; ePub 2018 Dec 22; Sterling, et al
Mortality in CHD-Related HF in Children, Am Heart J; ePub 2018 Dec 5; Burstein, et al
Mortality From HF and Dementia in the US, J Card Fail; ePub 2018 Nov 21; Vuong, et al