, researchers reported in Gastroenterology.
Glycomic alterations of immunoglobulin G “represent inflammatory disturbances in the liver that [mean it] will fail after transplantation,” wrote Xavier Verhelst, MD, of Ghent (Belgium) University Hospital, and his associates. The new glycomarker “could be a tool to safely select high-risk organs for liver transplantation that otherwise would be discarded from the donor pool based on a conventional clinical assessment,” and also could help prevent engraftment failures. “To our knowledge, not a single biomarker has demonstrated the same accuracy today,” they wrote in the April issue of.
Chronic shortages of donor livers contribute to morbidity and death worldwide. However, relaxing donor criteria is controversial because of the increased risk of primary nonfunction, which affects some 2%-10% of liver transplantation patients, and early allograft dysfunction, which is even more common. Although no reliable scoring systems or biomarkers have been able to predict these outcomes prior to transplantation, clinical glycomics of serum has proven useful for diagnosing hepatic fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma, and for distinguishing hepatic steatosis from nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. “Perfusate biomarkers are an attractive alternative [to] liver biopsy or serum markers, because perfusate is believed to represent the condition of the entire liver parenchyma and is easy to collect in large volumes,” the researchers wrote.
Accordingly, they studied 66 patients who underwent liver transplantation at a single center in Belgium and a separate validation cohort of 56 transplantation recipients from two centers. The most common reason for liver transplantation was decompensated cirrhosis secondary to alcoholism, followed by chronic hepatitis C or B virus infection, acute liver failure, and polycystic liverdisease. Donor grafts were transported using cold static storage (21° C), and hepatic veins were flushed to collect perfusate before transplantation. Protein-linked N-glycans was isolated from these perfusate samples and analyzed with a multicapillary electrophoresis-based ABI3130 sequencer.