Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

Intimate Partner Violence and Psychotic Experiences

Schizophr Res; ePub 2017 Sep 18; Shah, et al

Emotional and sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) appear to be associated with elevated risk for psychotic experiences in adulthood and results of a recent study expand on prior findings that link psychotic experiences and childhood trauma exposure to include intimate adult exposures. Data were collected from 1,615 participants in 4 US cities. Psychotic experiences were assessed through the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) psychosis screen along with adapted IPV measures. Researchers found:

  • Findings revealed that experiencing at least 1 form of IPV was significantly associated with each of the 4 psychotic experiences assessed for both men and women.
  • The strongest associations were found for threatening and sexual IPV; physical IPV was not significantly associated with psychotic experiences.
  • Exposure to IPV was associated with more than a tripling of the odds of reporting at least 1 psychotic experience as opposed to none.
  • Among those exposed to IPV there was between 3- to 5 times the odds of reporting specific subtypes of psychotic experiences.

Shah R, Von Mach T, Fedina L, Link B, DeVylder J. Intimate partner violence and psychotic experiences in four U.S. cities. [Published online ahead of print September 18, 2017]. Schizophr Res. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2017.09.017.

This Week's Must Reads

Early Exposure to Pornography Use Examined, J Sex Res; ePub 2017 Oct 3; Willoughby, et al

Video Game Play Anxiety Differs by Gender, J Affect Disord; ePub 2017 Oct 2; Ohannessian

Veterans’ Alcohol Use, Mental Health Evaluated, Psychiatry Res; ePub 2017 Sep 26; Calhoun, et al

Social Support Post-Sexual Assault Proves Helpful, Depress Anxiety; ePub 2017 Sep 28; Dworkin, et al

E-Cigarettes and Conventional Smoking Evaluated, Addiction; ePub 2017 Sep 25; Selya, Rose, et al

Must Reads in Schizophrenia & Other Psychotic Disorders

Intimate Partner Violence and Psychotic Experiences, Schizophr Res; ePub 2017 Sep 18; Shah, et al

Many DSM-5 Disorders Linked with Violence Typology, Psychiatry Res; 2017 Sep 12; Harford, Chen, et al

Psychotic Episodes Linked with Suicidal Behavior, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2017 Aug 30; Bromet, et al

Psychosis in BD: Is It a More “Severe” Illness?, Bipolar Disord; ePub 2017 Aug 23; Burton, et al

Patients with SZ Tweet Frequently About Tobacco, Psychiatry Res; ePub 2017 Aug 2; Hswen, et al