Emotional and sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) appear to be associated with elevated risk for psychotic experiences in adulthood and results of a recent study expand on prior findings that link psychotic experiences and childhood trauma exposure to include intimate adult exposures. Data were collected from 1,615 participants in 4 US cities. Psychotic experiences were assessed through the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) psychosis screen along with adapted IPV measures. Researchers found:
- Findings revealed that experiencing at least 1 form of IPV was significantly associated with each of the 4 psychotic experiences assessed for both men and women.
- The strongest associations were found for threatening and sexual IPV; physical IPV was not significantly associated with psychotic experiences.
- Exposure to IPV was associated with more than a tripling of the odds of reporting at least 1 psychotic experience as opposed to none.
- Among those exposed to IPV there was between 3- to 5 times the odds of reporting specific subtypes of psychotic experiences.
Shah R, Von Mach T, Fedina L, Link B, DeVylder J. Intimate partner violence and psychotic experiences in four U.S. cities. [Published online ahead of print September 18, 2017]. Schizophr Res. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2017.09.017.
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