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Aggressive Childhood Behavior and Suicide Attempts

Psychiatry Res; ePub 2017 Jul 20; Hart, et al

High levels of childhood clinical symptoms resulted in a younger age of suicide attempt, according to a recent study that examined childhood symptoms of aggression in the context of depression and anxiety. Researchers used longitudinal latent profile analysis to identify subtypes specific for suicide attempters based on longitudinal trajectories of childhood clinical symptoms (ie, depression, anxiety, and aggression measured in 2nd, 4th–7th grades). The study consisted of 161 young adults (35.6% male; 58.6% African American) who attempted suicide between ages 13 to 30 from a large, urban community-based, longitudinal prevention trial (n=2,311). Researchers found:

  • 3 subtypes emerged: those with low (n=32%), high (n=16%), and high depressive/anxious, but low aggressive (n=52%) symptoms.
  • Those with the highest levels of all symptoms were significantly more likely to report a younger age of suicide attempt, and demonstrate more substance abuse disorders and violent criminal histories.
Citation:

Hart SR, Van Eck K, Ballard ED, Musci RJ, Newcomer A, Wilcox HC. Subtypes of suicide attempters based on longitudinal childhood profiles of co-occurring depressive, anxious and aggressive behavior symptoms. [Published online ahead of print July 20, 2017]. Psychiatry Res. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.07.032.

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