Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

Age of First Exposure to Football Evaluated

Transl Psychiatry; ePub 2017 Sep 19; Alosco, et al

Younger age of first exposure (AFE) to football, before age 12 in particular, was associated with increased odds for impairment in self-reported neuropsychiatric and executive function in 214 former American football players, a recent study found. Researchers examined the association between AFE to football and behavior, mood, and cognition in a large cohort (n=214) of former amateur and professional football players. Participants completed the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT), and self-reported measures of executive function and behavioral regulation (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version Metacognition Index [MI], Behavioral Regulation Index [BRI]), depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale [CES-D]), and apathy (Apathy Evaluation Scale [AES]). They found:

  • Multivariate mixed-effect regressions controlling for age, education, and duration of play showed AFE to football before age 12 corresponded with >2 × increased odds for clinically impaired scores on all measures but BTACT.
  • Younger AFE predicted increased odds for clinical impairment on the AES and CES-D.
  • There was no interaction between AFE and highest level of play.
Citation:

Alosco ML, Kasimis AB, Stamm JM, et al. Age of first exposure to American football and long-term neuropsychiatric and cognitive outcomes. [Published online ahead of print September 19, 2017]. Transl Psychiatry. doi:10.1038/tp.2017.197.

This Week's Must Reads

Fear of Partner Violence Among STI Clinic Patients , Arch Sex Behav; ePub 2017 Oct 31; John, et al

Do Race, Ethnicity Affect Therapy Return Rates?, Depress Anxiety; ePub 2017 Nov 2; Zeber, et al

Co-Occurring PTSD, Depression in Cohort of Marines, Psychiatry Res; ePub 2017 Nov 1; Barnes, et al

Latino vs Non-Hispanic Parents’ Depressive Symptoms, J Affect Disord; ePub 2017 Oct 30; De Luca, et al

Intervention Did Not Reduce Alcohol/Marijuana Use, Addiction; ePub 2017 Oct 16; Stein, Caviness, et al

Must Reads in Alzheimer's & Cognition

Age of First Exposure to Football Evaluated , Transl Psychiatry; ePub 2017 Sep 19; Alosco, et al

No Preclinical Dementia Personality Change Found, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2017 Sep 20; Terracciano, et al

Antidepressant Use and Reduced Hazard of Eventual AD, Int J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2017 May 31; Burke, et al

Shared Mechanism Found in Cognitive Impairment, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2017 May 3; Sheffield, et al

Music Program, Improved Dementia Outcomes Linked, Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2017 Apr 14; Thomas, et al